Keio University Global COE Program
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  Research Units
The CGCS is comprised of the following four educational and research units.
1: Governance Theory Unit
Unit Members

The task of the Governance Theory Unit is to reconsider the concept of governance. This concept was developed as a response to the growing concerns over the difficulty of capturing the policymaking process using the traditional top-down model of government. However, although this concept has gradually begun to gain currency since the 1980s, it cannot be said that its content has been fully grasped. Thus, this Unit will investigate the concept of governance from philosophical and historical perspectives centering on democratic theory to consolidate the conceptual foundations of governance. This Unit aims to develop a critical theoretical framework that can be applied to assess the current state of governance, which will be revealed by the empirical research of the other Units.
This Unit will also consider the possibilities and limits of establishing an elite-led legal order, such as International Law and International Trade Law, in the world today.

Furthermore, this Unit will examine people’s daily attitudes applying a sociological analytical method, and focus on how such private feelings surface in a public, political space.
2: Civil Society Analysis Unit
Unit Members

The primary focus of the Civil Society Analysis Unit is the citizens’ and the policymaking elites’ attitudes concerning politics and government at the national level. More specifically, continuing the research of the 21COE-CCC, this Unit will conduct surveys on the attitudes of the citizens and the policymaking elites both within and outside Japan. Based on these results, it will analyze, via a comparative approach, the gap between the citizens and the policymaking elites, and search for a way to fill that gap. In this manner, this Unit will consider the appropriate forms of governance in modern politics.
This Unit will also analyze media content to study the multi-layered relationship between the policymaking elites and citizens.

Furthermore, this Unit will examine how transnational governance is established and transformed in various areas of the world.
3: Policymaking Analysis Unit
Unit Members

The Policymaking Analysis Unit will focus on examining the national elections and minutes and roll calls of the Lower and Upper House, and comparing these to the election platforms. It will start by analyzing the 2007 election results of the Upper House, and gradually expand its research scope, moving its way back to previous results.
This Unit will also analyze the interrelation between the attitudes of the governors, councils, and the residents at the local autonomy level, using a similar analytical method.

Furthermore, this Unit will examine empirically the relation between the government’s governance structure and performance, and strive to develop a new kind of governance evaluation system. Bearing in mind that there is no universally applicable model of governance and that there is no consensus about good governance, this Unit will endeavor to offer people the resources necessary to make well-informed evaluations about the government’s governance structure and performance.
4. Data Archive Unit   Unit Members

The Data Archive Unit will expand the data archive set up by the 21COE-CCC, and will build the infrastructure to make its contents available to scholars in Japan and other countries. More specifically, this Unit will develop the systems, and collect, transform and store the data listed below:
1: Parliamentary minute search system
A unique system collecting the minutes of the Lower and Upper House and the prefectural assemblies. It enables an extensive search/analysis of minutes.
2: Parliamentary minute collecting system
A unique system automatically collecting and storing minute data in the Parliamentary minute search system
3: Citizen attitude survey data in Japan and other countries
4: Population census data in Japan and other countries
5: Election results in Japan and other countries

6: Laws and ordinances in Japan and other countries